Lisa Ford, et al. Precision of a Clinical Metabolomics Profiling Platform for Use in the Identification of Inborn Errors of Metabolism, The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 342–356 (March 2020)

Background: The application of whole-exome sequencing for the diagnosis of genetic disease has paved the way for systems-based approaches in the clinical laboratory. Here, we describe a clinical metabolomics method for the screening of metabolic diseases through the analysis of a multi-pronged mass spectrometry platform. By simultaneously measuring hundreds of metabolites in a single sample, clinical metabolomics offers a comprehensive approach to identify metabolic perturbations across multiple biochemical pathways.

Methods: We conducted a single- and multi-day precision study on hundreds of metabolites in human plasma on 4, multi-arm, high-throughput metabolomics platforms.

Results: The average laboratory coefficient of variation (CV) on the 4 platforms was between 9.3 and 11.5% (median, 6.5–8.4%), average inter-assay CV on the 4 platforms ranged from 9.9 to 12.6% (median, 7.0–8.3%) and average intra-assay CV on the 4 platforms ranged from 5.7 to 6.9% (median, 3.5–4.4%). In relation to patient sample testing, the precision of multiple biomarkers associated with IEM disorders showed CVs that ranged from 0.2 to 11.0% across 4 analytical batches.

Conclusions: This evaluation describes single and multi-day precision across 4 identical metabolomics platforms, comprised each of 4 independent method arms, and reproducibility of the method for the measurement of key IEM metabolites in patient samples across multiple analytical batches, providing evidence that the method is robust and reproducible for the screening of patients with inborn errors of metabolism.

Keywords: precision, metabolomics, biochemistry, plasma, validation, analytical


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