Huang, Y, et al., Phospho-Δnp63α/Srebf1 Protein Interactions Bridging Cell Metabolism and Cisplatin Chemoresistance. Cell Cycle, 2012. 11(20): 3810-3827.
Tumor protein (TP)-p53 family members (TP63, TP63 and TP73) are guardians of the genome and key players in orchestrating the cellular response to cisplatin treatment. Cisplatin-induced phosphorylation of ΔNp63α was shown to have a role in regulating intracellular ΔNp63α protein levels. We previously found that squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells exposed to cisplatin displayed the ATM-dependent phosphorylation of ΔNp63α (p-ΔNp63α), which is critical for the transcriptional regulation of specific downstream mRNAs and microRNAs and is likely to underlie the chemoresistance of SCC cells. However, SCC cells expressing non-p-ΔNp63α became more cisplatin-resistant. We also found that p-ΔNp63α forms complexes with a number of proteins involved in cell death response through regulation of cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, autophagy, RNA splicing and chromatin modifications. Here, we showed that p-ΔNp63α induced ARG1, GAPDH, and CPT2 gene transcription in cisplatin-sensitive SCC cells, while non-p-ΔNp63α increased a transcription of CAD, G6PD and FASN genes in cisplatin-resistant SCC cells. We report that the p-ΔNp63α-dependent regulatory mechanisms implicated in the modulation of plethora of pathways, including amino acid, carbohydrate, lipid and nucleotide metabolisms, thereby affect tumor cell response to cisplatin-induced cell death, suggesting that the ATM-dependent ΔNp63α pathway plays a role in the resistance of tumor cells to platinum therapy.