Gupta, A. Chemometric Analysis of Soy Protein Hydrolysates Used in Animal Cell Culture for Igg Production - an Untargeted Metabolomics Approach. Process Biochemistry, 2014.
Soy protein hydrolysates are used as the most cost effective medium supplement to enhance cell growth and recombinant protein productivity in cell cultures. Such hydrolysates contain diverse classes of compounds, such as peptides, carbohydrates and phenolic compounds. To identify if specific compounds dominate the functionality of hydrolysates in cell cultures, thirty samples of hydrolysates with different cell culture performances were analyzed for chemical composition using an untargeted metabolomics approach. Out of 410 detected compounds, 157 were annotated. Most of the remaining 253 compounds were identified as peptides, but could not be annotated exactly. All compounds were quantified relatively, based on their average signal intensities. The cell growth and total immunoglobulin (IgG) production, relative to the CD medium (100%), ranged from 148 to 438% and 117 to 283%, respectively. Using bootstrapped stepwise regression (BSR), the compounds with the highest inclusion frequency were identified. The most important compound, i.e. phenyllactate and ferulate explained 29% and 30% of the variance for cell growth and total IgG production, respectively. Surprisingly, all compounds identified in the BSR showed a positive correlation with cell growth and total IgG production. This knowledge can be applied to monitor the production and accumulation of these compounds during the production process of hydrolysates. Consequently, the processing conditions can be modulated to produce soy protein hydrolysates with enhanced and consistent cell culture performance.