Nutrients and non-essential compounds present in foods interact with a number of
metabolic pathways. Decoding these complex interactions is challenging as nutrients may
subtly interact with multiple targets. Metabolomics can be essential to investigating the
role that dietary components play in health, health maintenance and disease. In fact,
understanding the underlying biology of chronic diseases is needed to drive successful
disease prevention strategies. In order to identify biomarkers of risk and prevention,
and the effects of nutrition on these measures, a systems biology approach using
metabolomics has proven to be effective.